Identifying psychological needs

Identifying psychological needs


Screening and routine monitoring of psychological wellbeing is an essential part of person-centred care for people living with heart failure no matter what stage of disease severity they have.

There are various screening tools available and some require a licence and/or a fee. The British Society for Heart Failure does not recommend any specific screening tool but the PHQ-4 below is validated in heart failure and it is free for health professionals to use.

Example screening tool – PHQ-4

Kroenke K, Spitzer RL, Williams JB, Lowe B. An ultra-brief screening scale for anxiety and depression: The PHQ-4. Psychosomatics. 2009;50(6):613-21.

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